India fourth biggest emitter of Carbon dioxide in 2014

An undercover sting by Greenpeace has revealed that two prominent climate skeptics were available for hire by the hour to write reports casting doubt on the dangers posed by global warming.

“The slower growth in emissions was attributed largely to a drop in coal consumption in China, with additional contributions from below-average growth in global demand for oil and natural gas and continuing growth in renewables”, the study says. “This points to the need for higher ambition in decoupling economic growth from emissions growth if the two degree threshold were to be avoided”.

Worldwide emissions from fossil fuels are projected to decline by 0.6 percent in 2015, even as India has figured among the top four emitters who jointly account for almost 60 percent of global emissions, a report said.

We recently covered an analysis of global emissions of greenhouse gases in 2014 showing an encouraging slowdown in the growth of those emissions.

Al Jazeera’s socio-economic current affairs show Counting The Cost has featured the future of Kiribati and the Pacific in a programme devoted to exploring whether the world will finally agree to a meaningful and binding agreement on carbon emissions. But this time, it would be the first decline during a period of strong global economic growth.

“In 2014, global CO2 emissions from burning fossil fuels grew by just 0.6 percent”, lead author Rob Jackson said in a news release. “Unfortunately, our observation-based estimates of global vegetation growth indicate that plant growth may not buy us as much time as expected, [so] action to curb emissions is all the more urgent”.

That’s among the findings of a report released on Monday by the Global Carbon Project – which is a group of 70 scientists including the CSIRO’s Pep Canadell – as critical United Nations climate talks in Paris enter their second week.

Professor Martin Manning, of Victoria University’s Climate Change Research Institute, says the data show China’s 2015 carbon emissions will not only be less than 2014 but that the rate of decrease is faster than the European Union or the US. And don’t take my word for it: At least one of the study’s authors, Corinne Le Quéré of the University of East Anglia, has flat-out said it’s very unlikely.

China is the world’s largest producer of wind energy and past year, it installed 23GW of new wind capacity.

Achieving climate stabilisation will require reducing emissions to near zero, researchers said.

2015 isn’t quite over yet, so the values projected for this study could vary from actual carbon output for the year. Whether it continues to decline further will depend on fossil fuel consumption in China and other countries, as well as how effectively the renewable sources of energy are utilized.

However, not every country reduced emissions; levels rose in India and in the rest of the world this year.